͸Ժ¤ѹҧʶҹ شʹ Шӹǹеͧ͹㹼Եѳҡá蹹ѹԺ  ҧӶ

 8,739 view  Ǵ : ֡ Էʵ  ѹҧ : 27/08/2012



1. á蹹ѹ
ͧҡ㹹ѹԺСͺûСͺä͹ѺªԴ ֧öйªµç ͧ¡͡ҡѹª¡͹ ¡ûСͺä͹ҧ ѹ㹹ѹԺ͡ҡѹ ԸաáӴѺǹ͡蹺ҡ ͹ӹѹԺҡ蹵ͧ¡軹͡¡͹ Ըաá蹡 ͹㹹ѹԺͺ¾ ѹ ͧ͢â仺͡ ͧ͢ЪԴФǺǹ ǧسԢͧشʹᵡҧѹ ͧ͢÷ըشʹӨ令Ǻ蹷dzǹͧ͡ ǹͧ͢÷ըشʹ٧ҨФǺ㹵˹觷ŧҵӴѺ
ͧҡûСͺä͹ҧԴըشʹ§ѹҡ ֧ԵѳطªԴѹ 㹡á蹹ѹԺ͡ǧس纼ԵѳѺشʧͧç ҵͧüԵѳǹҧйª㹴ҹ ҧԵѳҡá蹹ѹԺлª
㹵ҧ 1

ҧ 1 Եѳҧ ҡáӴѺǹѹԺ

Եѳҧ ҡá ѹԺ


ӹǹеͧ͹


ǧͧشʹ ( ͧ )


ʶҹз س 25 ͧ ª


ª

ҫ

Ṿ ˹ѡ
ѹҴ
ѹ
ѹ

ѹ
Է


C1 – C4
C5 – C6
C6 – C10
C10 – C14
C14 – C19
C19 – C35
ҡ C35

ҡ 35


< 300 – 65
65 – 170
170 – 250
250 – 340
340 – 500
> 500

> 500


ҫ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ


ʴѧԧ
ӹѹູԹ
ӹѹູԹ
ԧͧԹ; е§
ԧѺͧ¹
繹ѹ
¹ͧҧҢѴѹѵشԺ㹡üԵѡ͡
ԧͧѡ
ʴءѹ ҧ Ҵ



Եѳҡá蹹ѹԺЪԴ ١ªҡµҧѹ 㹻ѨغѹաѹູԹ 觻Сͺ C5 – C10 йѹū觻Сͺ C14 – C19 㹻ҳ٧ҡ ѹູԹйѹŷҡá蹹ѹԺջҳ§͡Ѻͧ 㹢зԵѳҡá蹻 СͺûСͺä͹դ͹ҡ šҡ 繷ͧҡѺѹູԹйѹ šѹ ѡԷʵ֧ԸշûСͺä͹դ͹ҡ ¹ûСͺä͹š§ѺѹູԹ йѹ աûѺاçҧͧͧšԧդسҾբ 觷Ը


ûѺاçҧšŢͧԧդسҾբ

. кǹᵡ ( Cracking process ) кǹᵡ ùûСͺä͹š˭ ҷس 450 - 550 ͧ ѹ իԡ - Թ 繵 ԡ Ըչ繡ҳѹԧ੾йѹູԹ йѹ§͡Ѻͧ 繡سҾͧѹԧä͹բҴšդسѵ㹡աš˭ ҼԵѳ ह դ͹ 5 – 10 е ͶҼԵѳ Ťչ դ͹ 5 – 10 е ԡ ǡѺ H2 Pt Ni 繵 ԡ ह öӹѹູԹ繡ûѺاسҾ мԵѳǹ˭çҧẺա觫СѺͧ¹ູԹ ѺԵѳԴҡкǹᵡ դ͹¡ 5 е ö仼ҹкǹ㹢 ͢

. Ըտ ԧ ( Reforming ) 繡¹ä͹çҧẺçä͹çҧẺա繡¹ûСͺä͹ẺǧûСͺä͹ ԡ ͹е觻ԡ

. Ը Ť ѹ ( Alkylation ) 繡šŢͧ ह Ѻ Ťչ աôſԡ繵 ԡ Դš ह çҧẺա

. Ը ѹ ( Oilgomerization ) Ըաä͹
( Ťչ ) š Ҵ¡ѹ ͹е ԡ ûСͺä͹ըӹǹ͹е 1 2 3 4 Ңͧä͹Ƿõ駵
Ըտ ԧ Ť ѹ ѹ 㹡ûѺاسҾͧѹԧ ੾йѹູԹ 繡üԵûСͺä͹çҧẺա ͧҡѹູԹСͺûСͺä͹çҧẺա դسҾաҹѹູԹСͺûСͺ ਹ͹çҧẺա
á˹سҾͧѹູԹ ູԹ繹ѹԧǹ˭Сͺ ह դ͹ 5 – 10 е ѹູԹ֧ѵᵡҧѹԴлҳͧ ह ͧСͺ ҡ֡Ҿ ͹͡ѹẺաԧդسҾա ͹͡ѹẺç ˹觢ͧ͡ ෹ ( C8H18 ) ժ ͡ ෹ ԧСѺͧ¹ҫ չ ҡ Ъ·ͧ¹Թºеء ûСͺä͹Ѻͧ¹ҫ չ ¤ λ෹ ٵçҧ ѧ
CH3 –CH2 – CH2 –CH2 – CH2 – CH2–CH3 ԧ зͧ¹ԴêԧشԴ 繼ͧ¹еء ѧ鹨֧աá˹سҾͧѹູԹŢ͡ ෹ ººѵԡͧѹ ѧ
1. ѹູԹѵ㹡ǡѺ͡෹ ط Ţ͡ ෹ ҡѺ 100
2. ѹູԹѵ㹡ǡѺ λ ෹ ط Ţ͡ ෹ ҡѺ 0
3. Ţ͡ ෹ ººѺǹҧ͡ ෹ Ѻ λ෹ ¤ԴҡТͧ͡ ෹
ҧ 1 ѹູԹѵ㹡ǡѺԧҡ
ü͡ ෹ 95 й λ෹ 5 ʴŢ͡ ෹ ҡѺ 95
ҧ 2 ѹູԹѵ㹡ǡѺԧ
ҡü͡ ෹ 86 й λ෹ 14 ʴŢ͡ ෹ ҡѺ 86

ҧ 3 ѹູԹŢ͡ ෹ ҡѺ 92 ¤ҧ
¤ ѹູԹѵ㹡͹ѺԧСͺ͡ ෹ 92 й λ෹ 8
ûѺاسҾͧѹູԹ ûѺاسҾͧѹູԹ
Ţ͡ ෹ ѹͧ йѹູԹǹ˭ Ţ͡ ͹ ҧ Ţ͡ ෹ պҧԴŧ ûСͺ൵ͷ Ŵ ( ( C2H5 )4Pb ûСͺ൵ Ŵ ( ( CH3 )4Pb ÷ͧԴʶҹ繢ͧǷسԻ¹㹹ѹູԹ ·ͧ¹еء ͹ѹ١ͧ¹ ൵ͷ Ŵ ൵ Ŵ ¹͡䫴ͤ๵ͧСͧҡ 繾ɵѵ੾ҧ觨ѺԷҾ÷ӧҹͧѺŧ Ŵžҡ ҧЪѹЪҪԡѹûСͺͧС ѹõС᷹ ѹູԹõС ( ULG ) ѹູԹŢ͡ ෹ ᷹ûСͺͧС ҧշŢ͡ ෹ ᷹ûСͺͧС Ƿ ( Methyl tertiary butyl etther ) MTBE
á˹سҾͧѹ á˹سҾͧѹ ԸաºѺ ෹ ſ Ṿ չ ( C11H10 ) ѧ鹨֧աá˹سҾͧѹ Ţ ෹ С˹ ෹ Ţ ෹ ҡѺ 100 ſ Ṿ չ Ţ ෹ ҡѺ 0
CH3 – CH2– CH2– CH2– CH2– CH2– CH2– CH2– CH2– CH2– CH2– CH2– CH2– CH2– CH2 CH3
CH3 Ţ ෹ = 100
ſ Ṿ չ Ţ ෹ = 0
1. Եѳҡкǹá蹹ѹԺ

1.1 ҫ (Liquefied Petroleum Gas ; LPG) ҫ ͡ҫا žը 繼Եѳҡǹشͧ͡㹡кǹá蹹ѹ ͼԵѳҡ¡ҫҵ ҫըشʹҡ Ҿ繡ҫسФѹҡ ѧ 㹡ѡҡҫǨеͧѹŴس ҫ¹Ҿҡҫ繢ͧ ͤдǡлѴ㹡ѡ ҫԧ ء͹٧ Ҵ»ԨС Եѧࡵ㹡óշԴաҫѹҨԴѹ ª ԧѺا ԧѺͧ¹ö¹ ͺҧ

1.2 ѹູԹ (Gasolin) ѹԧѺͧ¹ູԹ ¡ҹѹູԹ ҡûѺ觤سҾͧԵѳҡá蹹ѹµç Шҡ¡ҫҵ ѹູԹмسҾ СѺҹ ͡෹ ѺͧѹʹСáѴ͹㹶ѧѹз͹ѹ 繵

1.3 ѹԧͧԹ㺾Ѵ (Aviation Gasoline) ѺͧԹ㺾Ѵ դسѵԤ¡ѺѹູԹö¹ ا觤سҾդ͡෹٧ Ѻͧ¹ͧͧԹ觵ͧѧѺѹҡ

1.4 ѹԧͧԹ; (Jet Fuel) ԧ;蹢ͧ¡úԹҳԪǹ˭ ժǧشʹǡѺѹҴͧҴطդسѵԺҧ͢ҧաҹѹҴ

1.5 ѹҴ (Kerosene) ѡѹҴѪŷ 5 ͨش§Ѩغѹ ª»С ǹѺҦŧ շҹѹѡ

1.6 ѹ (Diesel Fuel) ͧ¹ ͧ¹վ鹰ҹ÷ӧҹᵡҧҡͧ¹ູԹ èشԴͧͧ¹͹Դ鹨ҡѴҡҧ٧١ٺ 繡èشԴͧ¹ͧ¹ѹູԹ ѨغѹªҡѡͧػóդӤѭҧɰԨ ö÷ء ö öá 繵

1.7 ѹ (Fuel Oil) ѹԧѺҵ͹ çҹصˡ ͧԴ俿ҢҴ˭ ͧ¹Թط

1.8 ҧе (Asphalt) ҧе繼Եѳǹ˹ѡشͨҡá蹹ѹԧ йҧе·ҹԸջѺاسҾҧе·դسѵԴբ դµͤѹ᷺ءԴ դҹҹҾҡçᷡ͹ դ˹դ״蹵ǵسдѺҧ

2. Եѳҡкǹ¡ҫҵ

2.1 ҫ෹ (C1) ԧԵ俿͹çҹصˡ ҡѴѧ¡ ҫҵѴ öԧö¹ҫҵԧ (NGV) ͡ҡѧѵشԺ㹡üԵ

2.2 ҫ෹ (C2) ѵشԺصˡբ鹵ͼԵͷչ õ駵㹡üԵ紾ʵԡ ¾ʵԡͷչ (PE) Ե¾ʵԡ мԵѳʵԡԴҧ

2.3 ҫྐྵ (C3) Եþչ õ駵صˡ 㹡üԵ紾ʵԡþչ (PP) ҧͧͧ¹ ẵ سҾѹͧԧçҹصˡա

2.4 ҫ෹ (C4) ѵشԺصˡ öҼѺྐྵѴѧ繡ҫ (ҫا) ͹ԧ㹤͹ ԧѺҹ¹㹡 ѧçҹصˡҧ

2.5 ҫ (Liquefied Petroleum Gas ; LPG) դسѵ͹Ѻ 1.1

2.6 ҫչҵ (NGL ; Naturl Gas Liquid, C5+) Ҩա¡͹ഹʷ͡ͼԵҶ֧ҡͺ蹼Ե ѧä͹ҧǹش仡Ѻä͹ʶҹ繡ҫ ͼҹкǹ¡ҡç¡ҫҵä͹ǹж١¡͡ ж١¡ ҫչҵ NGL (Natural Gas Liquid) ѧç蹹ѹǹͧԵѳѹٻǡѺ͹ഹʷ ѵشԺصˡз 2 (鹻) ѧ繵Ƿ 觹صˡҧ蹡ѹ

2.7 ҫ͹͡䫴 (CO2) 繼žҡкǹ¡ҫ öªҡ 繹Ѻصˡ ѵشԺѺ㹡÷ӽ Ҵѧԧ ҧѹͧ͡ Եѳͧ 繵

3. Եѳҡصˡͧ

3.1 ѹ (Lubricating Oils) ͺҧ¡ѹͧ դسѵԪ к¤͹ ѡҤҴͧ¹ ͧѹʹСáѴ͹



3.2 к (Greases) 繼Եѳ蹻˹觷Ѻ 㹷觹ѹöз˹ҷó Ѻ١׹ ѧöͧѹҧ


Ƿ¡ѹ ͹ഹʷ ѹ
͹ഹʷ͡ҫҵ 繡ҫҵԷʶҹСҫԹ ¹ʶҹ繢ͧ躹ǴԹ ѺԸաüԵ͹¡ҫ͹Ըա¡ҫҵԷ






Ҫͺ Like :͸Ժ¤ѹҧʶҹ شʹ Шӹǹеͧ͹㹼Եѳҡá蹹ѹԺ

 8,739 view  Ǵ : ֡ Էʵ  ѹҧ : 27/08/2012


 ʴԴ

#2.   
@

...............................................
#1.    Yokyok
@ 1.ӹǹ͹ͧûСͺä͹ͧդѹѺشʹҧ ¡ҧ
2.ӹǹ͹ͧûСͺä͹ͧդѹѺʶҹТͧҧ ¡ҧ

·չФ T_T; Ҥӵͺԧ ͺسҡ

...............................................



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